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Optimal Health and Energy Mean Optimal Mitochondria


Mitochondria are the powerhouses of our cells, responsible for producing the energy that fuels our bodies. Often referred to as the “batteries” of the cell, mitochondria play a crucial role in our overall health and well-being. In this article, we’ll explore what mitochondria are, their importance in cellular function, and how we can support their health through diet, lifestyle, and targeted supplements.

What are Mitochondria?

Mitochondria are organelles found within our cells that produce about 90% of our chemical energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). They convert the macronutrients we consume – fat, carbs, and protein – into ATP, which then fuels other metabolic processes.

ATP is like our energetic currency, and because it cannot be stored, mitochondria must function consistently to produce a large amount of ATP every second of every day. This function is so important that mitochondria can take up as much as 25% of the cell volume, with cells containing anywhere from 1000 to 2500 mitochondria. However, the number of mitochondria in a cell can vary depending on the cell’s energy requirements, which leads to the question: why do some cells have more mitochondria than others?

The answer lies in the specific functions and energy demands of different cell types. For example, cells that require a lot of energy to function, such as muscle cells, liver cells, and neurons, tend to have a higher number of mitochondria compared to other cells with lower energy requirements. This is because these high-energy cells need to produce more ATP to support their specialized functions and maintain optimal performance.

Primary Nutrients for ATP Production

To support the vital process of ATP production, several key nutrients are required:

  • CoQ10
  • B vitamins (B1, B2, B3)
  • L-carnitine
  • Iron, magnesium, manganese
  • Glutathione

Additional Mitochondrial Functions

In addition to ATP production, mitochondria are responsible for other important functions in the body, such as:

  • Apoptosis (programmed cell death), which is necessary for the prevention of cancer
  • Stem cell regeneration
  • Innate immune system support

Mitochondria and the Immune System

Mitochondria play an integral role in our innate immune system by acting as the cell’s danger sensing system. They can detect when cells are faced with a threat and signal our body and immune system to go into “defense mode.”

However, when mitochondria are in defense mode, they cannot produce the same amount of energy as when they are in “energy mode.” The more the mitochondria are shifted into cell defense mode due to stress and danger signals, the more energy production is turned off. This is the fundamental cause of low energy levels at the cellular level.

If you experience symptoms of fatigue and low energy, it’s likely that your mitochondria are in cellular defense mode, and supporting your mitochondrial health is key to restoring your energy and vitality.

Threats to Mitochondrial Health

Mitochondria are especially susceptible to various factors that can negatively impact their function, including:

  • Nutrient deficiencies
  • Environmental toxins
  • Oxidative damage from free radicals
  • Inactivity
  • Aging (accumulated oxidative damage)
  • Genomic susceptibility
  • Toxins and heavy metals
  • Pollutants and chemicals
  • Many prescription drugs, including NSAIDs, antibiotics, and statins
  • Alcohol
  • A sedentary, indoor lifestyle

Mitochondrial Degeneration and Regeneration

Modern sedentary lifestyles, which often involve spending a lot of time indoors in climate-controlled environments and in front of screens, can contribute to the long-term degeneration of mitochondria. Not only does this cause our mitochondria to shrink in size, but they also decrease in number over the years. This decrease in mitochondrial quantity and quality is a partial answer to the question posed earlier: why do some cells have more mitochondria than others?

Cells with higher energy demands, such as muscle cells and neurons, require more mitochondria to function optimally. When we lead sedentary lifestyles, the decrease in mitochondrial number and function particularly affects these high-energy cells, resulting in fatigue and reduced performance.

However, the good news is that this degeneration can be reversed with the right nutrients and practices. Just like our bodies stay fit with a healthy diet and the right amount of good stress (exercise), our mitochondria respond well to good nutrition and healthy environmental challenges. By engaging in regular physical activity and providing our cells with the necessary nutrients, we can stimulate the production of new mitochondria and improve the function of existing ones, ultimately increasing our energy levels and overall health.

Strategies to Improve Mitochondrial Function

To support mitochondrial health and increase energy levels, consider implementing the following strategies:

  • Eat a healthy diet rich in antioxidants.
  • Engage in regular exercise and strength training.
  • Practice breathwork exercises.
  • Try intermittent fasting.
  • Get adequate sunlight exposure.
  • Use red light therapy.
  • Decrease exposure to toxins and chemicals.
  • Undergo heavy metal detoxification.
  • Engage in heat therapy (saunas or infrared saunas).
  • Practice cold therapy.
  • Get adequate sleep.

Mitochondria Supportive Nutrients and Supplements

In addition to lifestyle strategies, certain nutrients and supplements can help support mitochondrial function:

  • CoQ10/Ubiquinol
  • Alpha Lipoic acid
  • L-carnitine
  • Resveratrol
  • NAC (N-Acetyl-L-Cysteine)
  • PQQ (Pyrroloquinoline Quinone)
  • Ginkgo biloba
  • Vitamin E
  • B vitamins
  • Magnesium

Two excellent supplement options for supporting mitochondrial health are:

  1. Mitochondrial Recharge by NuMedica: This supplement is part of NuMedica’s Advanced Neuro-Immune Support Program and is used to support cellular ATP energy and mitochondrial function. It is gluten-free and vegetarian.
  1. Mitochondrial Formula Powder by Bioclinic Naturals: This unique combination of nutrients is designed to enhance mitochondrial function by increasing ATP production while also providing intracellular antioxidant protection.


Mitochondria are essential for our overall health and well-being, and supporting their function is crucial for maintaining optimal energy levels. By understanding the factors that can negatively impact mitochondrial health and implementing lifestyle strategies and targeted supplements, we can help our mitochondria thrive.

The question “why do some cells have more mitochondria” highlights the importance of understanding the unique energy requirements of different cell types. Cells with higher energy demands, such as muscle and nerve cells, require more mitochondria to meet their energy needs. This underscores the significance of supporting mitochondrial health, particularly in these high-energy cells.

By taking steps to support our mitochondrial health, we can improve our energy levels, enhance our immune function, and promote overall wellness. Recognizing the critical role of mitochondria in cellular energy production and understanding why some cells have more mitochondria than others can help us make informed decisions about our lifestyle and dietary choices, ultimately leading to better health outcomes.



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