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Do Probiotics Help with Constipation? Everything You Should Know

probiotics for constipation

Constipation is a widespread issue, affecting a significant portion of the population and often leading to discomfort and a decreased quality of life. As people seek effective remedies, probiotics have emerged as a potential solution due to their beneficial effects on gut health. These live microorganisms, present in fermented foods and available as dietary supplements, have been associated with various health benefits, including the potential to alleviate constipation.

The scientific community has shown increasing interest in the role of probiotics in digestive health, with research suggesting that they may help restore the balance of the gut microbiome, thereby improving bowel regularity. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current understanding of probiotics in the context of constipation, examining the evidence, addressing common misconceptions, and emphasizing the importance of informed decision-making.


Which Conditions Cause Constipation?

Constipation can stem from a complex interplay of dietary, lifestyle, and medical factors, making it a multifaceted issue to address. Constipation involves infrequent bowel movements, difficulty passing stool, or a sensation of incomplete evacuation. Let’s explore some of the common contributors to this condition:

  • Dietary Choices: A diet low in fiber is a frequent culprit. Fiber adds bulk to the stool and helps it pass more easily. Insufficient water intake can also lead to dehydration, making stools hard and difficult to pass.
  • Lack of Physical Activity: Regular exercise stimulates the digestive system and can help keep bowel movements regular. Sedentary lifestyles may contribute to constipation.
  • Medications: Certain drugs, including opioids, some antidepressants, and iron supplements, can cause constipation as a side effect.
  • Medical Conditions: Disorders like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), hypothyroidism, and neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s disease can lead to chronic constipation. These conditions may affect the body’s ability to coordinate bowel movements effectively.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Changes in routine, stress, or ignoring the urge to go can disrupt regular bowel habits.

Understanding these factors is crucial for identifying potential changes or treatments that may alleviate constipation. For some, simple dietary and lifestyle adjustments can provide relief, while others may require medical intervention to address underlying health issues.


How Do Probiotics Affect Constipation?

The human gut is home to trillions of bacteria, collectively known as the gut microbiota, which play a pivotal role in health and disease. Probiotics, by contributing beneficial bacteria to this complex ecosystem, can influence gut health in several ways:

  • Enhancing Gut Motility: Certain probiotic strains can help regulate the time it takes for food to pass through the digestive system, potentially reducing the occurrence of constipation.
  • Improving Stool Consistency: By altering the composition of the gut microbiota, probiotics may help increase stool moisture, making it easier to pass.
  • Regulating Bowel Movements: Regular probiotic consumption may help increase bowel movement frequency for some individuals.

Research on specific probiotic strains, such as Bifidobacterium lactis and Lactobacillus casei, supports their efficacy in improving bowel regularity and stool consistency. However, it’s important to note that the effectiveness of probiotics can vary based on the individual’s unique gut microbiota composition, the specific probiotic strain used, and other factors. Further investigation is needed to determine the optimal probiotic formulations and dosages for managing constipation effectively.


Choosing the Best Probiotics for Constipation

The vast array of options can be overwhelming when selecting probiotics for constipation relief. However, understanding a few key considerations can help narrow down the choices to find the most effective solution for your needs.


Strain Specificity

The efficacy of a probiotic largely depends on the specific strains it contains. Research has identified certain strains that are particularly beneficial for alleviating constipation, including:

  • Bifidobacterium lactis: Known for its ability to increase stool frequency and improve bowel regularity.
  • Lactobacillus casei: Shown to enhance gut motility and improve stool consistency.

Opting for a probiotic supplement that includes these strains may offer the best chance of relieving constipation symptoms.



The correct dosage is crucial for probiotics to be effective. Probiotic supplements are measured in colony-forming units (CFUs), which indicate the amount of live bacteria they contain. While there’s no one-size-fits-all dosage, most studies on constipation have used dosages ranging from 1 billion to 10 billion CFUs daily. It’s essential to start with a lower dose and gradually increase it to allow your gut to adjust, minimizing potential side effects like gas or bloating.



The formulation of a probiotic supplement affects the survival of the bacteria through the acidic environment of the stomach to reach the gut. Look for products with enteric-coated capsules or specific delivery mechanisms designed to protect the probiotics until they reach the intestines. Additionally, some probiotics may require refrigeration to maintain viability, so following storage instructions is crucial.


Clinical Evidence

Before choosing a probiotic, review the scientific evidence supporting its use for constipation. Supplements that have been clinically tested and shown to be effective in peer-reviewed studies offer a more reliable option for those seeking constipation relief.


Consultation with Healthcare Professionals

Always consult with a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian before adding probiotics to your regimen, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications. They can help determine the most appropriate probiotic strain and dosage for your specific situation.


Best Probiotic Supplements From NHC

When selecting a probiotic for constipation, it’s essential to consider the specific strains, quality, and formulation. Here are highlights of three of the best and most effective products from the NHC store:

  • Microbiome Labs Mega SporeBiotic: A spore-based supplement that supports gut health and immune function, notable for its shelf stability and effectiveness even alongside antibiotics.
  • Klaire Labs Ther-Biotic Complete: Offers a comprehensive, hypoallergenic blend of 12 probiotic species designed to support a healthy gastrointestinal tract with 25+ billion CFUs per capsule.
  • Garden of Life Dr. Formulated Once Daily Women’s: Tailored for women, this supplement delivers 50 billion live probiotic cells from 16 strains per serving, promoting digestive and immune health in a convenient daily capsule.


How Long Does It Take for Probiotics to Help with Constipation?

The time it takes for probiotics to start relieving constipation varies from person to person. Several factors influence the response time, including the individual’s existing gut microbiota composition, the probiotic strain, and the dosage used. Generally, some people may notice improvements in their constipation symptoms within a few days to a week of starting probiotic supplementation. However, for others, it might take several weeks of consistent use to observe noticeable changes.

Maintaining consistent probiotic intake and giving your body time to adjust to the new bacterial strains is essential. If you do not see improvements within a few weeks, trying a different probiotic strain or formulation may be worth trying, as individual probiotic responses can vary widely. Patience and persistence are key when using probiotics to manage constipation.


Can Probiotics Worsen Constipation Symptoms?

While probiotics are generally beneficial for digestive health, they can also exacerbate constipation in some instances. This paradoxical effect largely depends on the individual’s unique gut microbiota, specific probiotic strains, and pre-existing gastrointestinal conditions.

  • Individual Gut Microbiota: The composition of gut bacteria varies significantly among individuals. In some cases, introducing specific probiotic strains may disrupt the balance of the gut microbiota in a way that worsens constipation.
  • Probiotic Strains: Not all probiotic strains have the same effect on gut health. While some strains effectively alleviate constipation, others may not have a significant impact or could contribute to reduced bowel movements.
  • Pre-existing Gastrointestinal Conditions: Individuals with conditions like Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) or Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) may find that certain probiotics exacerbate their symptoms, including constipation.

It’s essential to monitor your body’s response to probiotics and consider adjusting the strain, dosage, or discontinuing use if constipation worsens. Consulting with a healthcare professional can provide personalized advice tailored to your specific health situation and needs.


Bottom Line

Probiotics hold promise for some individuals in managing constipation. They offer a natural approach to enhancing gut health and improving bowel regularity. The key to harnessing the benefits of probiotics lies in selecting the right strains, ensuring an appropriate dosage, and considering individual health conditions and gut microbiota composition.

While probiotics can be a valuable part of a comprehensive approach to managing constipation, they are not a one-size-fits-all solution. It’s essential to consider lifestyle and dietary modifications, such as increasing fiber intake, staying hydrated, and maintaining regular physical activity, alongside probiotic supplementation.

For those considering probiotics for constipation relief, consulting with healthcare professionals is crucial for personalized advice and navigating probiotic supplement selection effectively. With the right approach, probiotics can play a supportive role in achieving better digestive health and alleviating constipation.


FAQ Section


What causes constipation?

Constipation can be caused by a lack of fiber in the diet, insufficient hydration, lack of physical activity, certain medications, and various medical conditions that affect gut health or motility.

Which probiotic strains are effective for constipation relief?

Strains such as Bifidobacterium lactis and Lactobacillus casei can alleviate constipation symptoms by improving stool frequency and consistency.


Can probiotics worsen constipation symptoms?

In some cases, particularly for individuals with specific gastrointestinal conditions or sensitivities, certain probiotic strains or formulations may not be beneficial and could exacerbate constipation.

How long does it take for probiotics to work?

The timeline can vary, with some individuals experiencing relief within a few days to a week, while others may need several weeks of consistent use to notice improvements.

What are the main considerations when choosing probiotics?

Important factors include selecting probiotic strains that benefit constipation, considering the dosage, ensuring the formulation supports bacterial viability, and consulting healthcare professionals for guidance tailored to individual health needs.